Many of the characters we have experienced within the stories have presented multiple sides to their characters so we struggle with how to view/side with them.
In the novel, Kitty is presented to us as one who is lamenting over the loss of her son and the fact that she is not able to raise her son. Along with the fact that she dresses as a bride to show her purity and make Chris fall back into love with her.
Although we have contrasting sides where we see her as a very controlling and power wanting upper-class women, whose life revolves around the “proper form” of upper-class performances/status. Along with this, Kitty is short to Magaret whenever Margaret reveals the information about Chris. “Beautiful women of her type lose, in this matter of admiration alone, their otherwise tremendous sense of class distinction; they are obscurely aware that it is their civilizing mission to flash the jewel of their beauty before all men.” She tries extremely hard to be pretty and is visibly disgusted by poor people.
At this point in the text, I would say that we are to sympathize with Kitty from the standpoint that she has lost her son and that she has lost the love of her husband, and she is trying to fight to gain his love back. Kitty has lost two things in her life that are possible of loving her. However, she is also wrapped up in her desire to be proper, so she is also somewhat disliked.
In the novel, Chapter 10 of Volume 2 reveals a face-to-face encounter with Robert and Lady Audley. It is a key aspect in revealing who is fighting for the power of the novel and who currently has the power within the novel. As for who wants the power, it is Lady Audley. She has more to lose then Robert who is looking to only gain knowledge of the disappearance of his friend. Her motive is the protection of her current life and status in society. Robert is the character who has the most power in the novel because he is the one who has the power to find the truth and ruin Lady Audley and all conspirators’ lives as the others know it. Although his motive is less drastic than Lady Audley because he is only gaining the truth and trying to find the fate of his friend, it is evident that Lady Audley is caught off guard in the chapter when confronted with Robert’s finding. She blurts out, “[that’s] A conspiracy!” Lady Audley is also quick to state “if I were placed in a criminal dock I could, no doubt, bring forward witnesses to refute your absurd accusation.” This shows that she has tried to gain the power of position and control her fate by controlling the livelihood of people and tampering with evidence.
Within the novel, Braddon does cause confusion in the types of “knowledge” that are presented within the novel.
Knowledge is always power, and has always been. It can been seen in many events and reins in history. For those who possess knowledge has a “leg up” on those that do not possess some form of knowledge. It is know that dictators did not like to have the lower class educated so they did not gain the knowledge of literacy. Because people who are knowledgeable in reading can know what the government is doing and potentially overthrow the government. Those who contain the most knowledge have the most experience and tend to hold the highest position in a certain field.
We as readers have the knowledge of what all the characters are doing and also thinking. The characters in the novel do not get to know what others are thinking, along with what characters that are not around them are actually doing. In books we get a birds-eye-view of the story and get to move from one character to the next as the story goes along. We also are given narrators who will lay out information for us that the characters are unaware of, along with the thoughts of the characters who are talking at the time.
The novel continues to touch on the topic of responsibility throughout because of the issue involving the creation of the monster. Victor fears of telling people of the monster until after his wife dies. In the story Victor “carried about with me my eternal hell”, the dehumanizing factor that the monster has created within Victor. Though it is seen at the end of the tale that the monster claims the responsibility of causing grief and pain to Victor throughout his existence. To me it shows that the monster realizes that he lost the one man that thought of him and that was a factor that the monster truly enjoyed, being on someone’s mind. The responsibility of the monster is split between the monster and Victor, because Victor’s hands created the monster, but the monster created the heinous acts of violence.
Our responsibility to strangers is to treat them with the respect that we would hope that one would treat you with upon first meeting you. Although with the instance of the monster showing up in the village house (freaking out, and acting with violence), that is a case that I can see as someone not showing respect to a stranger because the person/monster is on your private property unexpectedly.
In the novel “Frankenstein”, there is a trail scene involving a questionable verdict involving Justine and the murder of William. The trail evokes modern dilemmas involving people who are “charged” with a crime, and that is a lake of evidence, tampering with evidence, and the fact that some people feel that if they accept a charge that they did not commit in attempts to not deal with the troubles of court.
Justine’s case involves the picture that William had the day before in Justine’s pocket. This is the major point that is used to trail and convict Justine in the trial. The troubles are that the people do not think that although she has the picture that she may not be the person who killed him. Even though she states her innocence to multiple people. But the troubling fact is that she admits being guilty to the people to forgo the troubles of the case, hoping for mercy.
Victor is one of the people Justine proclaims her innocence to and he truly believes her. The trouble is that Victor is scared to speak up when he thinks that people will consider him “crazy”. That issue can be seen with witnesses today, thus the witness protection agency was created. This is to help protect those that will testify for or against people. Because people fear of speaking up in the fear of their lives.
A just response in the case in the novel, would be a proper investigation and making Justine have people truly defend her and help her case. Justice is control by those who have the upper hand in a situation. A judge can have the power to control your fate in a case. Another situation would be in a street fight and one person is using his hands and another guy has a gun. The person you is in charge of justice is the person who does hurt someone, they are taking justice into their own hands.
In the beginning of the story, Fantomina is restrained because of her social status level. Very commonly seen in older times and less prevalent in today’s society. Fantomina takes a liking to a gentlemen, “Beauplaisir”, whom she is restricted to converse because of her ascribed class. Due to this facet, she changes her identity to a prostitute because she had observed how the men conversed with the ladies and she was envious of such conversations.
Being hidden as a prostitute she was able to lure in Beauplaisir because of her supposed job. Realizing that she had the power of conversation with her new identity, it allowed her to delay a private meeting with the man. Sadly, the private meeting turned south for Fantomina as she did not think through the consequences of dressing as a prostitute. This results in her feeling “undone’” due to Beauplaisir’s “rapturous’ actions.
Post sexual activities involving the two characters, Fantomina feels lost, taken advantage of, or even a form of lost identity.
Fantomina shifts from despair to love in a short time period. Fantomina is a very cunning person and it is evident in the scene where she bribes the housekeeper into stating she is lodging there and is from the country in all attempts to preserve her true identity. Yet to regain Beauplaisir, she uses her beauty and wits, to disguises herself as a maid, Celia.
Celia seems to be created in all attempts to reel back in some hope for having Beauplaisir fall in love with her, because Beauplaisir asks “Had she ever been in love?” Yet it is quickly seen that Celia is taken advantage of only for sexual desires that Beauplaisir seeks. She is in return treated as a prostitute in the payment that she receives from him.
Fantomina is a very clever lady and extremely observant. She realizes that certain social classes gain access to being able to converse with all gentlemen how talk with you, so she disguises herself in order to obtain the chance for love. Yet the plan tends to backfire as she unwillingly loses her virginity to the man. It is seen that as she shifts from the feeling of identity crisis, she falls in love with the man and would what seems about anything to get him to love her even if it means attempting a new identity. Thus, Celia is created as an outlet to gain conversation with Beauplaisir. Celia seems more desperate and a lot more willing to go along with Beauplaisir’s desires.
In the poem by Robert Browning, “My Last Duchess”, the author reveals many things through the Duke’s monologue. The Duke is a very affluent man and one that does and gets what he wants, when he wants it. Much like a trust fund kid now a days seen in movies. “My gift of a nine-hundred years-old name”, this is an excellent line used in the poem that could be compared to a Kennedy in current times (33-34). The Duke is a man that has exuberant artwork and is one to show it off and make sure people notice it and are impressed, hence he is showing off his portrait of his diseased wife. The reason this line is the most telling of the Duke is because you today do not hear people talk about their lineage to people when they are looking for another spouse, else we could consider the potential spouse a “gold digger”. The Duke is very set and comfortable in his ways of being from an affluent family and is a very materialistic person when it comes to his life values. The monologue the Duke uses in the poem reveals in the one line that he is a very greedy, selfish, power hungry, and materialistic man.
In reading the two editions of “The Chimney Sweeper”, the largest difference seen is the use of third person in the second edition (1794) “A little black thing among the snow” (1), and the usage of the first person in the first passage, “When my mother died I was very young” (Blake 1).
The reasons why it causes such a drastic difference is because you are getting to see the view of the chimney sweeps at the time and how they acted and how they themselves felt.
In the first poem, the dream that Tom experienced presents a metaphor “That thousands of sweepers, Dick, Joe, Ned, [and] Jack, Were all of them lock’d up in coffins of black” (11-12). This metaphor represents the “sentencing” to death of the children sweeps who are forced into the profession. The poem shifts to a lighter less somber feel when the boys get rescued by an Angel, and are giving them hope through a dream experienced by Tom, “Then down a green plain, leaping, laughing they run, And wash in a river and shine in the sun.” (13-14). This dream experienced give the feeling of hope and the fact that through the tough deadly work they do, they will receive salvation, “Tom was happy [and] warm; So if all do their duty, they need not fear harm” (23-24)
The second passage that we read shows the third present to change the mood and main view point of the passage. The other seen difference, is the makeup of their heavens, “Who make up a heaven of our misery”, symbolizing the real difference in morals that the two experience, and the contents of heaven (1794. 12).
Wordsworth’s poem London, 1802 octave involves the narrator talking of a diseased man, “Milton”. The narrator lays out to Milton that England is in essence, in shambles, stating “stagnant waters: altar, sword, and pen, fireside” (3-4). Wordsworth is mentioning that England’s religions, army, literature, and lastly homesteads are in very vulnerable states and vents to Milton about it, wishing he were back on Earth to help.
The narrator feels that Milton is the cure to the “selfish men” (6). Stating that Milton would be able to teach society values like “manners, virtue, freedom, [and] power”, aspects that Milton possessed himself during his time on Earth (8). Milton is a man who is as influential as “the sea”, comparing the power and respect that he would posses in the eyes of the people of England in 1802, to the power the seas have and the respect they require from people (10).
Wordsworth basically describes Milton as the “keystone” feature in changing all the aspects of England that are in turmoil at the time and need fixing, but the narrator knows that it is impossible for Milton to return. With that knowledge of Milton having passed, he is remembering Milton and his key values, and acknowledging that the people of England need to gain his attributes in order for England to power through their tough times that are seen in all aspects of England’s society in the year 1802.
In the novel Paradise Lost book seven, the narrator describes Adam and Eve as, “He with his consorted Eve/ The story heard attentive and was filled/ With admiration and deep muse”, which reflects how Adam views himself “With blessedness, whence Adam soon replied” (7.50-52, 59). These lines show how Adam shows eagerness to learn and listen to Raphael’s stories, and to absorb all the information he is receiving.
The narrator prepares the readers well with Adams upcoming request by stating “What within Eden or without or without was done/ Before his memory…/Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites/ Proceeded thus to ask his Heav’nly guest” (7.65-69). Showing that Adam “eyes open” to knowledge that occurred before his time and how the world was created. Almost as if characterizing Adam as a little boy learning about space for the first time and all its unknowns. Without the narrator we could look at Adam’s request as, Adam trying to gain power and be over or next to God in power. The knowledge to how and why the Earth was created. In today’s society we do not think about how got created these aspects Adam requests to learn about like, “How first began this heav’n which we behold/ Distant so high with moving fires adorned/ Innumerable and this which yields or fills/ All space”, you learn about the creation in church but you do not learn more than that (7.86-89). God blessed us by creating the heavens and earth and all that inhabit it, and we are grateful and tend to take advantage of all that we are given.
In The Tempest, the interaction between Sebastian and Antonio (2.1.219-340; 3.3.12-22) reveals many key aspects to their characters. Such insight includes how we are two view both of these characters.
The evolution of act two shows Antonio trying to persuade Sebastian to harm Gonzalo and Alonso. The motivation appears to Sebastian as his own gain in the manner that Antonio spun his story. “And look how well my garments sit upon me, much feater than before. My brother’s servants were then my fellows; now they are my men”, Antonio persuading Sabastian based on showing how he (Antonio) gained his power and prestige (2.1.313-315). Antonio’s plot seems to show his true evil side and the selfishness he posses, along with revealing to the audience how crooked and morally wrong Antonio actually is. The plot that is forming around Antonio seems to have previous planning and relives that it is a plan of self-betterment by scheming a naïve man.
Sebastian is portrayed as a push-over, a man of high power linage who is “lost” in the scenes As revealed to the audience, he can be easily manipulated and takes the face value of words to seriously from the men he puts his trust in, as seen with, “thy case, dear friend, Shall be my precedent” (2.1.332-333). Although Sebastian’s developing plot seems to have some justification involved within it, it seems to be tainted with ill intent and is poorly thought out, because of the very poor leadership from Antonio.