Frankenstein–How Point of View and the Frame Tale Affect the Novel

Shelley’s careful construction of a story within a story is
interesting in the fact that it discredits the credibility of Frankenstein’s
story. There is a multitude of storytellers within Frankenstein: Shelley, who writes of letters that Margaret
receives, who received the letters from Walton, who heard the story from Frankenstein,
who heard part of the story from the Creature(62). After establishing the different
characters and sources of information, it seems odd that the entirety of the
story is told in a first person point of view, because truly the entire story
is hearsay. Not one person who is afforded a voice through the story is able to
speak directly; all of the character’s actions were written down (mostly by the
third party, Waldon) and then sent to a person completely unrelated to the

Because Waldon technically writes the entire story, it is
understandable that Shelley decided to end the story with his writing, if only
to remind the reader that the entirety of Frankenstein’s story was written down
by him, and narrated by Victor, who then “himself corrected and augmented [the writing] in many places” (232). Waldon is also able to see and converse with both Frankenstein and the
Creature on his own terms, so the reader is then able to gather a third party’s
opinion on the characters, rather than just take Frankenstein’s description of
the Creature to heart. Another reason that the story ended in Waldon’s point of
view is the fact that the reader is able to experience Victor’s demise and
learn of the Creature’s true feelings in regards to his creator, something that
was not provided through Victor’s hateful descriptions of the Creature.

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